PARTIDOS POLITICOS


Antes de hablar de partidos políticos debemos remontarnos un poco en la historia, para saber de donde provienen, y a raíz de que surgieron estos grupos políticos, con diferentes tendencias e ideologías que en la actualidad tratan de conquistar al electorado.

A mediados del siglo XIX no existían los partidos políticos como tal y los presidentes y representantes en ese entonces eran elegidos por un grupo reducido de ciudadanos, pertenecientes a la aristocracia y la elite política oligárquica, provenientes de terratenientes, intelectuales y empresarios de la época, que se alternaban en el poder apelando a los principios de la constitución de 1833 que permitía esta suerte de autoritarismo.

Sin embargo esta fracción política sufrió un duro quiebre bajo el segundo gobierno de Manuel Montt, dando origen a los primeros grupos políticos organizados denominados "ultramontanos” que mas tarde dieron paso a los "Liberales", "Nacionales", "Radicales" y “Conservadores”. Estableciendo la primera elección de partidos políticos en 1858, de esta manera se creo una nueva forma de hacer política a través de grupos organizados que fueron naciendo con el transcurso de los años, defendiendo diferentes ideologías y representando a diversos sectores de la población con el fin de poder gobernar entorno a sus necesidades, es así como hoy en día enfrentamos elecciones con un gran numero de partidos políticos y diversas ideologías.

Cabe destacar que según nuestra ley de partidos, en la actualidad todos los partidos políticos se juegan algo en la elección parlamentaria sobre todo en la elección de diputados puesto que deben obtener el 5% de la votación nacional para seguir existiendo como tal de lo contrario desaparecen, por ello es muy importante para los partidos político y sus candidatos el poder captar su adhesión.

Hoy en día existen varios partidos políticos los cuáles nombraremos a continuación

Partidos Constituidos legalmente, con participación en las Próximas elecciones:

Renovación Nacional (RN)

Partido Demócrata Cristiano (DC)

Partido por la Democracia (PPD)

Unión Demócrata Independiente (UDI)

Partido Socialista de Chile (PS)

Partido Comunista de Chile (PCC)

Partido Radical Socialdemócrata (PRSD)

Partido Humanista (PH)

Partido Regionalista de los Independientes (PRI)

Partido Ecologista (PE)

Fuerza País (FP)

ChilePrimero (CH1)

Partido Izquierda Cristiana de Chile (IC)

Movimiento Amplio Social (MAS)

 

Partidos en Formación

Partido Humanista del Norte

Partido Adulto Mayor

Movimiento Democrático de los Pueblos (MDP)

Movimiento Regionalista (MR)

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GRACIAS

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